塔什干火车头vs艾维赫达:新概念英語第二冊第7課:Too late

時間:2016-12-08 14:01:26

 Lesson 7    Too late為時太晚

  First listen and then answer the question.
  聽錄音,然后回答以下問題。
  Did the detectives save the diamonds?  The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the airport all morning.
  飛機誤點了,偵探們在機場等了整整一上午。

  They were expecting a valuable parcel of diamonds from South Africa.
  他們正期待從南非來的一個裝著鉆石的貴重包裹。

  A few hours earlier, someone had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds.
  數小時以前,有人向警方報告,說有人企圖偷走這些鉆石。

  When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building while others were waiting on the airfield.
  當 飛機到達時,一些偵探等候在主樓內,另一些偵探則守候在?;荷?。

  Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs House.
  有兩個人把包裹拿下飛機,進了海關。

  While two detectives were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel.
  這時兩個偵探把住門口,另外兩個偵探打開了包裹。

  To their surprise, the precious parcel was full of stones and sand!
  令他們吃驚的是,那珍貴的包裹里面裝的全是石頭和沙子!

  New words and expressions 生詞和短語
  detective  
  n. 偵探

  airport  
  n. 機場

  expect  
  v. 期待,等待

  valuable  
  adj. 貴重的

  parcel 
  n. 包裹

  diamond 
  n. 鉆石

  steal  (stole,stolen) 
  v. 偷

  main 
  adj. 主要的

  airfield 
  n. 飛機起落的場地

  guard 
  n. 警戒,守衛

  precious 
  adj. 珍貴的

  stone 
  n. 石子

  sand 
  n. 沙子
 
  Notes on the text課文注釋
  1  detectives were waiting at the airport all morning,偵探們在機場等了整整一上午。句中的動詞時態是過去迸行時。過去進行時常用來表示過去某時正在進行的情況或動作。本課課文中有4個句子使用了過去進行時。參看第1冊第117-119等課中的例句。
  2  keep guard,守衛。
  3  to their surprise,使他們吃驚的是。
 

 Lesson 7   自學導讀First things first

  課文詳注  Further notes on the text
  1.…detectives were waiting at the airport all morning. ……偵探們在機場等了整整一上午。
  all 一般直接加表示時間的單數名詞構成副同短語,如:all day (整整一天),all night(整夜),all week(整星期),all winter(整個冬天),all year(整年)等。但不說all hour。
  whole在表達同樣的意思時一般要加冠詞或數詞,如:a whole day/ year(一整天/年),two whole weeks(整整兩星期)。

  2.…someone had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds. ……有人向警方報告,說有人企圖偷走這些鉆石。
  that后面的部分為動詞tell的賓語從句。從句中的時態為過去將來時(would)。

  3.When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building while others were waiting on the airfield.
  當飛機到達時,一些偵探等候在主樓內,另一些偵探則守候在?;荷?。
 ?。?)這個長句子由3個部分組成:when引導的是整個句子的時間狀語從句;some of…building為主句;while 引導的是動作與主句的動作同時進行的時間狀語從句。while作為連詞表示     “和……同時”、“當……時候”時常常引導一個過去進行時從句。(cf. 本課語法)
 ?。?)地點狀語 on the airfield 與第一句中的 at the airport 意義相近。注意介詞on和at的不同搭配。
 ?。?)代詞others常常和some連用,表示“有些(人)……,也有些(人)……”或者“有的……,其余的……”:
  Some students are very hard-working; others are not.
  有些學生非常用功;有些則不然。
  Some of the novels are interesting; (the) others are not.
  在這些小說中,有些很有趣,其他的則不然。

  4.keep guard, 守望,警戒,與 stand guard(站崗,放哨)意思相近。
  Two thieves kept guard around the house while the others entered it.
  兩個小偷在屋子外面守著,其他的則進了屋。
  They kept a close guard over the thieves.
  他們對小偷們嚴加看管。

  5.to their surprise, 令他們吃驚的是。
  這個短語中的所有格形容詞their也可以換成其他所有格形容詞:(much) to my/ his surprise, to our surprise 等。一般不說 to your surprise.

  語法 Grammar in use
  1.過去進行時(The past progressive tense)
  構成:be的過去式+現在分詞(注意現在分詞的構成)
 ?。?)過去進行時主要表示過去某個時刻或某段時間正在進行的動作。過去進行時和一般過去時經常同在一個句子里使用。過去進行時表示過去正在進行的動作 或情況,一般過去時則表示比較  短暫的動作或事件。正在進行中的動作或情況往往由連詞 when, while, as, just as等引導:
  While/ When/ As I was sweeping the floor, I found your pen.
  我掃地的時候,發現了你的鋼筆。
  while通常只引導持續時間較長的動作,并且主句和從句可以同時用過去進行時,而when和as一般不這么用:
  John was watching TV while his wife was talking with a neighbour over the phone.
  當他的妻子和一位鄰居在電話中聊天時,約翰一直在看電視。
  Some students were dancing and singing while others were eating and drinking.
  有些學生在唱歌跳舞,而另一些則在吃喝。
  Just as I was opening the front door, the telephone rang.
  我正開前門的時候,電話鈴響了。
  Just as I was leaving the house, you came in.
  你進來的時候我正要出門。
  when也可以引導比較短暫的動作,while和as則一般不行:
  We were having supper when the lights went out.
  我們正在吃晚飯時燈滅了。
 ?。?)過去進行時往往與表示一段時間的狀語連用,如all morning, all night, all day, all evening, the whole week等,表示這段時間一直在干什么:
  They were preparing for the party for two whole days.
  整整兩天他們一直在為晚會進行準備。

  2.短語動詞中的小品詞(The particles)
  在上一課的語法中已經提到,許多動詞加上介詞或副詞后就會改變詞義。這些介詞和副詞通常被稱為小品詞。它們沒有詞形變化。有些小品詞既可以作介詞又可 以作副詞。判斷一個小品詞是  副詞還是介詞要看小品詞有沒有帶賓語。有賓語的是介詞,沒有賓語的是副詞。介詞的位置相對固定些:
  I am looking for Tim.
  我在找蒂姆。(for為介詞,位置不能變動)
  She looked after the baby.
  她照顧那孩子。(after為介詞)
  He put out the fire = He put the fire/ it out.
  他滅了火。(out為副詞)
  Mother woke up the children  = Mother woke the children/ them up.
  母親把孩子們叫醒了。(up為副詞)
  She took down the picture  = She took the picture/ it down.
  她把畫取了下來。(down為副詞)
  Please turn off the radio = Please turn the radio/ it off.
  請把收音機關掉。(off為副詞)
  He turned it on.
  約翰打開了電視。(on為副詞)
  Put the cake on the table.
  把蛋糕放在桌上。(on為介詞)
  She is walking up the hill.
  她正向山上走去。(up為介詞)

  詞匯學習  Word study
  1.expect
 ?。?)vt., vi. 預計,預料:
  We expect a cold winter this year.
  我們預計今年冬天會冷。
  Jim has failed in mathematics as his teacher expected.
  正如他老師所預料的那樣,吉姆數學考試沒及格。
 ?。?)vt. 等待,期待,盼望:
  I'm expecting a letter from Jimmy.
  我在等待吉米的一封信。
  They are expecting guests tonight.
  今晚有人要去他們那里作客。
  expect所表示的等待一般暗含著根據某些信息或規律而作出相應反應的意思,而wait(for)主要指“等待”這個動作本身:
  He waited for her for more than an hour, but she did not come.
  他等了她一個多小時,但她沒來。
  Wait a minute, please.
  請等一下。
 ?。?)vt. 認為,猜想(一般用于口語):
  I expect you've heard the news.
  我想你已經聽到這個消息了。

  2.steal
 ?。?)vt. vi. 偷盜,行竊:
  Someone has stolen my bike.
  有人把我的自行車偷走了。
  John never steals.
  約翰從不偷東西。
 ?。?)vt. 巧妙地占有,偷偷地弄到手:
  He has stolen away Mary's heart.
  他已贏得瑪麗的芳心。
 ?。?)vi. 偷偷地行動,悄悄靠近:
  He stole into the room.
  他悄悄地進了房間。
 

 Lesson 7    課后練習和答案Exercises and Answer

 
新概念英語第二冊第7課:Too late
新概念英語第二冊第7課:Too late
新概念英語第二冊第7課:Too late
新概念英語第二冊第7課:Too late
新概念英語第二冊第7課:Too late